What is down must feel down.
The latest Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report from the CDC falls under the category of when-it-rains-it-pours. Depression, according to two different measures, follows the pattern of at least four major indicators of inequality: gender, race/ethnicity, education, and employment status.
Source: My graph from the report.
One could argue the depression contributes to employment problems, and educational failure as well. So on those the causality may run both directions. But that’s not the case with gender and race/ethnicity.
For a handy debunking of the idea that people in dire straights should just buck up, I recommend Bright-sided: How Positive Thinking is Undermining America, by Barbara Ehrenreich.