You can’t do it (or much of anything) in one chart.
A colleague reports that a college student wrote to her:
The wage gap itself shows white women earn more than more than black men; that is to say my race is a greater determinant of wage than is my gender.
Her link was to this pretty confused post by Derek Thompson, which I’m not going to get into except to show this figure he made:
This shows earnings, not taking into account education. Later he shows earnings by education, not taking into account gender. Not wrong, but you can see the confusion it caused for the student quoted above. If she finishes college, she will be in a group whose earnings hierarchy is more by gender than by race, as I show in this figure I made from 2011 American Community Survey data from IPUMS:
This shows that Black men and White women — full-time, year-round, 25-54 — have the same median earnings if you don’t take into account education. Within each education group, however, Black men earn more. Who gets to be in the full-time, year-round population (instead of dead, incarcerated, unemployed or underemployed), of course, is a big issue. I can’t show that in one chart.